Varieties Of Spanish Language In Spain

Varieties Of Spanish Language In Spain

About the Spanish language

Spanish is one of the most spoken languages in the world, beaten only by Mandarin, English, and Hindi. It is a Romance language spoken by natives in Spain and most Central and South American countries. In Spain, the variant is Castilian Spanish. Let’s talk about the different varieties of Spanish.

There are many variations of the Spanish language. You can find them everywhere. Each country has its own variant. In Spain, the official language is Castilian Spanish and it has many varieties. In Galicia, people also speak Gallego (Galician). One of the things that characterizes the language variation in this area is the exclusive use of the past simple. Some languages have past simple and past perfect, and so does Spanish. Read on to learn about some examples!

Varieties of the Spanish language: past tenses

Spanish language

La Fundéu and La Real Academia Española are some of the institutions in charge of explaining the correct use of the Spanish language. They recommend the use of both past perfect and past simple. However, in some parts of Galicia, Asturias, and in the Canary Islands, people frequently use the past simple. According to some studies, in Spain the past perfect is more common when talking about today or now. Meanwhile, the past simple is used when explaining something that was done: last night or yesterday, for example. So instead of saying “¿Por qué no ha venido con nosotros?” (in English, “Why didn’t he join us?”), the inhabitants of these areas would say “¿Por qué no vino con nosotros?”.

Varieties of the Spanish language: expressions

In Spain, there is a misconception about what’s correct and what isn’t. When Canarian people visit Madrid, they very often use the word “guagua” instead of “autobús” or simply “bus”. They sometimes hear “it’s not called guagua, but autobús or bus“. But that’s actually wrong. It would indeed be more correct to utilize the word autobús in Madrid, while the most correct option in Lanzarote would be guagua. In comparison, a similar thing happens when you are speaking British English versus American English: “flat” instead of “apartment”, or “lift” in lieu of “elevator”.

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