Silbo Gomero is Spain’s Exotic Whistling Language
Languages can use so many different forms of sounds. You probably have heard about languages that use clicks like Xhosa in South Africa. It sounds more or less exotic because only rare languages use them. Even more rare if you think about whistling. But that is exactly what Silbo Gomero, a languages in the Spanish territory, does.
Languages of Spain
Spain is a European country that is home to many different languages. These languages possess a co-official status with Castilian, the standardised language variety in Spain.
In Barcelona, the Balearic Islands, and Valencia, Catalan is the co-official language along with Spanish. The same place takes Euskadi in the Basque Country. In the Iberian Peninsula there are many varieties, dialects and even distinct languages:. These are Aragonese, Galician, Valencian (the variety of Catalan spoken in Valencia), Andalusian dialect, Portuguese. Even English is spoken in Gibraltar.
But there is another one far from the mainland, plunged in the Atlantic Ocean and close to Africa. On a small island belonging to the Archipelago of Canary Islands, a language exists that is not a spoken one: Silbo Gomero.
The History of Silbo Gomero
Silbo Gomero or simply, “el Silbo” (the whistle), takes its name from the Island of La Gomera. The primitive inhabitants of the Canary Islands, the Guanches, settlers from North Africa, developed it since needed a way to communicate across long distances, especially among shepherds. In fact, Silbo Gomero is perceptible up to 5 km away. Nowadays, people still use it to communicate because there are places on the Islands that are not covered by phone signal.
It was initially based on the Berber language (now extinct). But when the Spanish colonized the Canary Islands during the 1400s, Silbo Gomero started to adapt to Castilian. Since 1999, it has become a compulsory subject in all schools. Additionally, in 2009 UNESCO declared Silbo Gomero a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible World Heritage.
Some Features of Silbo Gomero
Silbo Gomero is a whistled language based on non-tone languages. That means that it doesn’t make lexical or grammatical use of tone. Such languages can be written or transcribed by means of spectrograms and are based on frequency.
Silbo Gomero is mainly based on the Spanish language simulating its syllables. Two different whistles replace the vowels and four different whistles replace the consonants. With practice and dedication, it is possible to convey any message. Bilabial and labiodental techniques are common for short distances whereas other specific techniques exist for long distances.
Students can learn Silbo Gomero in school and it is protected as a cultural heritage. It is the only whistled language in the world that is fully developed. More than 22,000 inhabitants of the Island are able to whistle it
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