Georgian – ქართული

Georgian is the primary language spoken by about 4 million people in the Republic of Georgia and a total of 7 million in the world. The language first became an official language in 1918 when Georgia gained independence from Russia, though it came under Soviet rule shortly after.

Although it has borrowed many words from Arabic, Persian and especially Turkish, it stands out as the only language in the Kartvelian language family with an ancient literary tradition.

The unique modern Georgian alphabet is called “Mkhedruli”. There are 18 dialects that exist within the Georgian language that are generally grouped into two categories: East and West Georgian.